Faculty‎ > ‎

Cesar L. Villanoy, Ph.D.

                           Cesar L. Villanoy, Ph.D.
Deputy Director for Research  
Academician of the National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST)

Ph.D. Physical Oceanography
University of Sydney, Australia

Research Interests: 
Ocean Modelling and Applications in Ocean Productivity, Habitat Connectivity and Pollution 

Selected Publications:
  • Abesamis, R. A., B. L. Stockwell, L. P. C. Bernardo, C. L. Villanoy, and G. R. Russ (2016), Predicting reef fish connectivity from biogeographic patterns and larval dispersal modelling to inform the development of marine reserve networks, Ecol. Indic., 66(June), 534–544, doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.02.032.
  • Soria, J. L. a., Switzer, A. D., Villanoy, C. L., Fritz, H. M., Bilgera, P. H. T., Cabrera, O. C., … Fernandez, I. Q. (2016). Repeat storm surge disasters of Typhoon Haiyan
    and its 1897 predecessor in the Philippines. Bulletin of the American Meteorological
    Society, 97(1), 31–48. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00245.1
  • Cabrera, O. C., Villanoy, C. L., Alabia, I. D., & Gordon, A. L. (2015). Shifts in
    chlorophyll a off eastern Luzon, Philippines, associated with the North Equatorial
    Current bifurcation latitude. Oceanography, 28(4), 46–53.
  • Sotto, L., A. Beusen, C. Villanoy, L. Bouwman, E. Salamante, and G. Jacinto (2015),
    Nutrient Load Estimates for Manila Bay using Population Data N and P load will
    increase !, Ocean Sci. J., 50(2), 467–474, doi:10.1002/gbc.20072.PEMSEA.
  • Licuanan, W. Y. et al. (2015), I-C-SEA Change: A participatory tool for rapid
    assessment of vulnerability of tropical coastal communities to climate change
    impacts, Ambio, doi:10.1007/s13280-015-0652-x.
  • Pullen, J., Gordon, A. L., Flatau, M., Doyle, J. D., Villanoy, C., & Cabrera, O. (2015).
    Multiscale influences on extreme winter rainfall in the Philippines. Journal of
    Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 1–18. doi:10.1002/2014JD022645
  • Cabrera, O. C., C. L. Villanoy, G. S. Jacinto, L. P. C. Bernardo, C. M. Ferrera, I. B.
    Velasquez, and R. V Azanza (2014), Salt-plug estuarine circulation in Malampaya
    Sound, Palawan, Philippines, Philipp. Sci. Lett., 7(2), 428–437.
  • Gordon, A. L., Flament, P., Villanoy, C. L., & Centurioni, L. (2014). The Nascent
    Kurosh io of Lamon Bay. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119: 4251-4263
  • David, L. T., Pastor-Rengel, D., Talaue-Mcmanus, L., Magdaong, E., Salalila-Aruelo,
    R., Bangi, H. G., … Cordero-Bailey, K. (2014). The saga of community learning :
    Mariculture and the Bol inao experience. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management,
    17(2), 196–204. doi:10.1080/14634988.2014.910488
  • Sotto, L. P. A., Jacinto, G. S., & Villanoy, C. L. (2014). Spatiotemporal variability of
    hypoxia and eutrophication in Manila Bay , Philippines during the northeast and
    southwest monsoons. Marine Pollution Bulletin.
  • Weeks, R., Aliño, P. M., Atkinson, S., Beldia, P., Benson, A., Campos, W., … White,
    A. (2014). Developing Marine Protected Area Networks in the Coral Triangle : Good
    Practices for Expanding the Coral Triangle Marine Protected Area System. Coastal
    Management, 42(2), 183–205. doi:10.1080/08920753.2014.877768
  • Cayetano, A., A. Yniguez, C. Villanoy, L. David, J. Deauna, E. Penaflor, J. Palermo, G.
    Benico, and R. Azanza (2013), Improving the validity and robustness of a Harmful
    Algal Bloom model through genetic algorithm-based optimization, J. Environ. Sci.
    Manag., 28(1), 21–28.
  • Villanoy CL, Salamante E, Cabrera O, 2013. Chapter 3. Exposure: waves and storm
    surges. In: MERF, 2013. Vulnerability assessment tools for coastal ecosystems: A
    Guidebook. Marine Environment and Resources Foundation, Inc. Quezon City,
  • Yñiguez, A. T., Cayetano, A., Villanoy, C. L., Alabia, I., Fernandez, I., Palermo, J. D.,
    Benico, G. a., et al. (2012). Investigating the roles of intrinsic and extrinsic factors in
    the blooms of Pyrodinium bahamense var. compressum using an individual-based
    model. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 13(2011), 1462–1476.
  • Abundo, M., Nerves, A., Paringit, E., & Villanoy, C. (2012). A Combined Multi-Site
    and Multi-Device Decision Support System for Tidal In-Stream Energy. Energy
    Procedia, 14, 812–817.
  • Villanoy C, David L, Cabrera O, Atrigenio M, Siringan F, Aliño P, Villaluz M. (2012).
    Coral reef ecosystems protect shore from high-energy waves under climate change
    scenarios. Climatic Change. doi:10.1007/s10584-012-0399-3
  • Gordon AL, ZD Tessler, C Villanoy. 2011. Dual overflows into the deep Sulu Sea.
    Geophysical Research Letters 38(L18606)
  • Senal MIS, GS Jacinto, ML San Diego-McGlone, F Siringan, P Zamora, L Soria, MB
    Cardenas, C Villanoy, O Cabrera (2011). Nutrient inputs from submarine
    groundwater discharge in Santiago reef flat, Bolinao, Philippines. Marine Pollution
    Bulletin. 63:195-200.
  • Villanoy, C, O Cabrera, A Yniguez, M Camoying, A de Guzman, L David, and P
    Flament. 2011. Monsoon-driven coastal upwelling off Zamboanga Peninsula,
    Philippines. Oceanography 24(1): 156-165.
  • Cabrera, O, C Villanoy, L David, and A Gordon. 2011. Barrier layer control of
    entrainment and upwelling. Oceanography 24(1): 130-141.
  •  Jones, B, C Lee, G Toro-Farmer, E Boss, M Gregg, and C Villanoy. 2011. Tidally
    driven exchange in an archipelago strait: Biological and optical responses.
    Oceanography 24(1): 142-155.
  • Abundo, M. L., Nerves, A. C., Ang, M. R. C. O., Paringit, E. C., Bernardo, L. P., &
    Villanoy, C. L. (2011). Energy potential metric for rapid macro-level resource
    assessment of tidal in-stream energy in the Philippines. In Environment and
    Electrical Engineering (EEEIC), 2011 10th International Conference on (pp. 1-4).
  • Cardenas. M. B., Zamora, P. B., Siringan, F. P., Lapus, M. R., Rodolfo, R. S., Jacinto,
    G. S., San Diego-McGlone, M. L., et al. (2010). Linking regional sources and
    pathways for submarine groundwater discharge at a reef by electrical resistivity
    tomography, 222 Rn, and salinity measurements. Geophysical Research Letters,
    37(16), 1-6. doi:10.1029/2010GL04406
  • Melbourne-Thomas J, Johnson CR, Aliño PM, Geronimo RC, Villanoy CL, Gurney GG. 2010. A multi-scale biophysical model to inform regional management of coral reefs in the western Philippines and South China Sea. Environmental Modelling and Software.
  • You Y, Rossby T, Ilahude AG, Fukasawa M, Davis R, Hu D, Susanto D, Ricjhardson
    PL, Villanoy C, Liu CT, Lee JH, Molcard R, Pandoe WW, Koga M, Qu T, Fine RA, Gabric
    A, Robertson R, Masumoto Y, Riser S, Hasumi H, Sigray P, Lee T. 2009. Indonesian
    throughflow PACific Source Water Investigation (PACSWIN). in Climate alert: Climate
    change monitoring and strategy. Sydney University Press.
  • David CPC, Sta Maria YY, Siringan FP, Reotita JM, Zamora PB,Villanoy CL, Sombrito
    EZ, Azanza RV. 2009. Coastal pollution due to increasing nutrient flux in aquaculture sites. Environmental Geology 58: 447-454
  • Campos, W. L., P. D. Beldia, C. L. Villanoy, and P. M. Aliño (2008), Using
    Ichthyoplankton Distribution in Selecting Sites for an MPA Network in the Sulu Sea ,
    Philippines, in Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Fort
    Lauderdale, Florida
  • Magdaong E, Villanoy C. 2008. Determination of properties of milkfish feed for model
    development. UPV Journal of Natural Sciences. 13:116-122.
  • San Diego-McGlone M, Azanza RV, Villanoy CL, Jacinto G. 2008. Eutrophic waters,
    algal bloom and fish kill in fish farming areas in Bolinao, Pangasinan, Philippines.
    Marine Pollution Bulletin doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.03.028
  • Martin MC, Villanoy CL. 2007. Sea surface variability of upwelling area northwest of
    Luzon, Philippines. in Dynamic Plabet: Monitoring and Understanding a Dynamic
    Planet with Geodetic and Oceanographic Tools. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p84-87.
  • International Science Team. Satellite remote sensing of Spratly Islands. Liu AK,
    Hotta K, Hsu MK (eds). Tingmao Publishing Compant, Taiwan. 97pp. International
    Science Team Members - Hotta K, Liu AK, Dien TV, Hsu G, Hsu MK, Kawamura H,
    Lee CS, Tang DL, Villanoy C.
  • Penaflor EL, Villanoy CL, David LT, Liu CT. 2007. Detection of monsoonal
    phytoplankton blooms in Luzon Strait. Remote Sensing of the Environment
  • Menez LAB, Villanoy CL, David LT. 2006. Movement of water across passages
    connecting Philippine inland sea basins. Science Diliman 18(2):10-17.
  • Magno M, Villanoy C. 2006. Rugosity of Philippine coastline and its application in
    entrainment potential estimation. Proceedings of the 9th International Coral Reef
  • Primavera K, San Diego-McGlone ML, Villanoy C, 2006. Development Of A Simple
    Biological Model Of Vertical Phytoplankton Distribution, Science Diliman 18:1, 43-52
  • Liu CT, Pinkel R, Hsu MK, Klymak JM, Chen HW, Villanoy C, 2006. Nonlinear internal waves from the Luzon Strait, EOS 87(42):449-451.
  • Jacinto GS, Velasquez IB, San Diego-McGlone ML, Villanoy CL, Siringan FP. 2006.
    Biophysical environment in Manila Bay - then and now. In "The Environment in Asia
    Pacific Harbors (Wolanski E ed) Springer. p293-307.
  • Villanoy CL, Azanza, RV, Altemerano, A., Casil A.L. 2006 Attempts to model the
    bloom dynamics of Pyrodinium, a tropical toxic dinoflagellate. Harmful Algae 5:
  • Penaflor E, Villanoy C, David L, Liu CT. 2005. Seasonal phytoplankton blooms
    northwest of Luzon. Proceedings of the 16th APEC Workshop on Ocean Models and
    Information System for the APEC Region. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Marine
    Resource Conservation Working Group.
  • Liu CT, Chyou YJ, Wang DW, Lee CW, Villanoy C, David L. 2005. Verification of
    satellite observed ecosystem of Corals. Proceedings of the 16th APEC Workshop on
    Ocean Models and Information System for the APEC Region. Asia-Pacific Economic
    Cooperation Marine Resource Conservation Working Group.
  • Cordero K, Villanoy CL, David LT, Silvano K 2004 Estimating integrated
    phytoplankton biomass in the seas around the Philippines. Proceedings of the 11th
    Workshop of OMISAR (WOM-11) on the Application and networking of satellite data.
    Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Marine Resource Conservation Working Group
  • Villanoy CL 2004 Larval dispersal simulation of the Spiny Lobster, Panulirus ornatus,
    in the Philippines using merged altimeter derived absolute dynamic topographies.
    Spiny lobster ecology and exploitation in the South China Sea region Australian
    Center for International Agricultural Research Proceedings No. 120. Williams KC (ed).
  • Tamura, H., K. Nadaoka, E.C. Paringit, F.P.Siringan, G.Q. Tabios, C.L. Villanoy, A.C.
    Blanco, J. Kubota and H.Yagi: Field survey on Hydrodynamics and water quality in
    Manila bay and Laguna lake, Proc. Sympo. Environmental Issues Related to
    Infrastructure Development. JSPS Core Univ. Program on Env. Eng., pp. 81-93, 2003
  • Cesar L. Villanoy. Circulation in the South China Sea. In: The Kalayaan Islands: Our
    Natural Heritage. P.M.Aliño and M.C. Quibilan (eds.) The UP Marine Science Institute
    and the Department of Natural Resources (DENR), Manila, Philippines. 92 pp.
    December 2003.
  • Tamura, H., K. Nadaoka, E.C. Paringit, F.P. Siringan, G..Q. Tabios, C.L. Villanoy, A.C.
    Blanco, J. Kubota and H.Yagi: Field survey on hydrodynamics and water quality in
    Manila bay and Laguna lake, Proc. Sympo. Environmental Issues Related to
    Infrastructure Development, JSPS Core Univ. Program on Env. Eng., pp. 81-93, 2003. 
  • Amedo CL, Villanoy C.L. 2003 Wind stress curl and surface circulation in the South
    China Sea and the Philippine Sea. Science Diliman 15(2):32-40.
  • Koga M, Liu CT, Villanoy CL, Taira K 2003 Ocean transport monitoring in the
    beginning region of the Kuroshio using OKITAI and OLU submarine cables.
    Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on the Scientific Use of Submarine
    Cables and Related Technologies
  • Azanza, R.V., A. dela Rosa, E.Z. Sombrito, L. Cruz, F.P. Siringan, M.S.D. McGlone,
    G.S. Jacinto, C.L. Villanoy and J. Duyanen 2003 Harmful algal bloom (HAB)
    management lessons from a multidisciplinary research program in Manila Bay,
    Philippines K.C. Ho, S.H. Lu, T.s. Yu and K.F. Wong (eds) Recent advances in the
    prevention and management of harmful algal blooms in the South China Sea. The
    Association on Harmful Algal Blooms in the South China Sea, Hongkong. pp. 59-61.
  • Amedo CL, Villanoy CL, Udarbe-Walker JV 2002 Indicators of Upwelling at the
    Northern Bicol Shelf UPV Journal of Natural Sciences 7(1&2): 45-52.
  • Udarbe-Walker JV, Magno M, Tilka SAM and Villanoy CL 2002 Interbasin comparison
    of mean hydrographic characteristics surrounding the Philippine archipelago. UPV
    Journal of Natural Sciences 7(1&2): 53-65.
  • Amedo CLA, Villanoy CL, Udarbe-Walker JV 2002 Composition and transport rates of
    Pacific water masses along the Pacific Seaboard. UPV Journal of Natural Sciences
    7(1&2): 90-102.
  • Altemerano AM and Villanoy CL 2002 Influence of the Western Luzon shelf current on
    larval dispersal in Lingayen Gulf based on numerical Lagrangian dispersal
    experiments UPV Journal of Natural Sciences 7(1&2): 103-119.
  • Malay MCD., MAR Juinio-Menez and C.L. Villanoy 2002 Population genetics structure
    of the sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla from selected sites in Western Luzon and
    eastern Philippines. In M.K. Kasim Moosa, S.Soemodihardjo, A.Nontji, A.Soegiarto,
    K. Romimohtarto, Sukarno and Suharsono. 2002 (Editors) Proceedings of the Ninth
    International Coral Reef Symposium, Bali, Indonesia, October 23-27 2000
  • Udarbe-Walker MJB, Villanoy CL. 2001 Structure of potential upwelling areas in the
    Philippines Deep-Sea Research I 48:1499-1518
  • Salamante EE, Villanoy CL 2000 Sea surface temperature variability in the seas
    surrounding the Philippines in relation to ENSO events Proceedings of the 21st Asian
    Conference on Remote Sensing. Volume II. P767-771.
  • David, L.T., S.V. Smith, J. de Leon, C. Villanoy, V.C. Dupra and F. Wulff 2000
    Computer Assisted Budget Analysis for Research, Education and Training:
    LOICZ-CABARET LOICZ-CABARET. LOICZ Reports and Studies No. 15, LOICZ, Texel,
    The Netherlands
  • Dupra, V., S.V. Smith, M.L. San Diego-McGlone, D.J. R. Mendoza and C.L. Villanoy
    2000 Philippine estuarine systems: San Miguel Bay. Luzon Island. Estuarine Systems
    of the South China Sea Region: Carbon, Nitrogen, and Phosphorus Fluxes LOICZ
    Report and Studies No. 14.
  • Jacinto GS, Aliño PM, Villanoy CL, Talaue-McManus? L, Gomez ED. 2000. The
    Philippines. In Seas at the Millenium: An Environmental Evaluation. Volume II.
    Regional Chapters: The Indian Ocean to the Pacific. Pergamon Press.
  • Salamante EE, Villanoy CL. 2000. Sea surface temperature variability in the seas
    surrounding the Philippines in relation to ENSO events. Proceedings of the 21st Asian
    Conference on Remote Sensing. Volume II. P767-771.
  • Galope-Bacaltos DG, San Diego-Mcglone ML, Jacinto GS, Villanoy CL. 1999. Nutrient
    behavior and productivity in a river system affected by fishpond effluents. Marine
    Pollution Bulletin 39(1-12):193-199.
  • Villanoy C, Natividad G, 1998. Status and utilization of Philippine Research Vessels.
    UPV Journal of Natural Sciences. 3:55-66.
  • Villanoy C, Mancebo F. 1998. Sea level and shallow-water current variability in
    Pagasa Island, Philippines. Science Diliman. 10(2):47-54.
  • Koga M. Liu CT, Larsen J, Villanoy C, Taira K. 1998. Submarine cable voltage
    measurement in the beginning of the Kuroshio for monitoring the Kuroshio volume
    transport. Proceedings of the 4th Intemationa Scientific Symposium. IOC/WESTPAC.
    2-7 February 1998, Okinawa, Japan.
  • Talaue-McManus L, McGlone D, McGlone M, Siringan F, Villanoy C, Licuanan W. 1999.
    The impact of economic activities on biochemical cycling in Lingayen Gulf, northern
    Philippines: A preliminary synthesis. LOICZ Newsletter No. 10 March 1999. pl-2.
  • Gomez E, Jacinto G, San-Diego-McGIone M, McManus M., Villanoy C. 1998.
    Oceanography and Ocean Policy in the Philippines. in Batongbakal, J (ed)
    Archipelagic studies: Charting new waters. UP Systemwide Network on Archipelagic
    and Ocean Studies.
  • Lantz R, Meadows S, de Jesus E, Villanoy C, Sanez G. 1988. Ecological profiling in
    the Philippines. Asia Water Environment. October 1998. p25-27.
  • Villanoy C, Martin M. 1997. Modelling the circulation of Manila Bay: Assessing relative
    magnitudes of wind and tide forcing. Science Diliman 9:41-52.
  • Hung NM, Thanh NV, To LD, Villanoy CL, 1997. Hydrometeorological characteristics
    in the study area of RP-VN JOMSRE-SCS'96. Proceedings of the Conference on the
    Philippines-Vietnam Joint Oceanographic and Marine Scientific Research Expedition in
    the South China Sea 1996. Hanoi, 22-23 April 1997. p30-37.
  • Villanoy CL, To LD, Molina J, Hung NM, 1997. Using salinity as a tracer for the upper
    layer circulation in the South China Sea. Proceedings of the Conference on the
    Philippines-Vietnam Joint Oceanographic and Marine Scientific Research Expedition in
    the South China Sea 1996. Hanoi, 22-23 April 1997 p38-45.
  • Uu DV, To LD, Hung NM, Villanoy C, 1997. The featues of the geostrophic circulation
    in the South China Sea. Proceedings of the Conference on the Philippines-Vietnam
    Joint Oceanographic and Marine Scientific Research Expedition in the South China
    Sea 1996. Hanoi, 22-23 April 1997. p46-50.
  • Menez LAB, Juinio-Menez MAR, Villanoy C, 1997. Spatial distribution of Tridacna
    Maxima (Roding) in selected Philippine Reefs. The Philippine Scientist 34:47-54.
  • Villanoy C, 1997. Waste load allocation and risk analysis using dispersal models. pp.
    101 - 108 in Yu H et al (eds). Oil spill modelling in the East Asian Region. NTP-EAS
    Workshop Proceedings No. 5.
  • Villanoy C, RA Corrales, GS Jacinto, N Cuaresma, R Crisostomo, (1996). Towards the
    development of a cyst-based model for Pyrodinium redtides in Manila Bay. In
    Harmful and Toxic Algal Blooms. Yasumoto T, Oshima Y and Fukuyo Y (eds)
    Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO Paris. p 1 89-192.
  • Juinio-Menez MA, Villanoy CL, (1995). Sea urchin recruitment studies for
    management considerations. Proceedings of the Fourth LIPI-JSPS Joint Seminar on
    Marine Science. Jakarta 15-18 November, 1994. p 1 5-20.
  • Diego-McGIone MI, Villanoy CL, Alino PM, (1995). Nutrient-mediated stress @from
    nitrogen and phosphorous on the marine communities of a coastal lagoon (Puerto
    Galera, Philippines). Marine Pollution Bulletin 31:355-366.
  • Atrigenio MP, PM Alino, RT Bina, MP Palaganas, CL Villanoy, 1994. Remote sensing
    applications in Philippine Marine Science. in Sudara S, Wilkinson CR and Chou LM
    (Eds) Proceedings, Third ASEAN-Australia Symposium on Living Coastal Resources,
    Vol. 2. Research Papers. Chulalongkom niversity, Bangkok, Thailand.
  • Villanoy C, Udarbe MJB, 1995. Circulation in the eastern South China Sea during
    summer, 1993. Philippine Scientist (Special Issue: Proceedings of the 3rd National
    Symposium in Marine Science) 128-142.
  • Villanoy C, Udarbe MJB, 1994. Hydrographic characteristics and estuarine circulation
    in Ulugan Bay, Palawan. Ecosystems Research Digest 2:26-34.
  • Villanoy C, 1993. The Red Tide Data System. in Laboratory and Field manual on
    Philippine Red Tide Monitoring and Data Management. eds MA Santos- Mendigo, R
    Azanza-Corrales. Dept of Agriculture-Fisheries Sector Program. Diliman, Quezon City.
    p 1 5 8-173.
  • Villanoy C, Jacinto JS, 1993. The Offshore Physical Enviromnent in the Philippines:
    An Overview. Paper presented at the Roundtable Discussion on Off-shore Marine
    Living Resources. University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City. 30 June, 1993
  • Villanoy C, Tomczak M, 1991. Influence of Bass Strait Water on the Tasman Sea
    thermocline. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. 42(5)451:464.
    Juinio MAR, Menez LA, Villanoy CL, Gomez, ED, 1989. Status of Giant Clam
    Resources of the Philippines. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 55, 431-440.
  • Juinio MAR, Menez LA, Villanoy CL, Gomez ED, 1989. Distribution and abundance of
    Giant Clam (Family Tridacnidae) stocks in the Philippines. in Culture of Giant Clams
    (Tridacna sp.). Proceedings of the Symposium-Workshop on the Culture of Giant
    Clams (Tridacna sp.), Silliman University, Dumaguete City, March 15-17, 1988. Los
    Banos, Laguna. Philippines Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and
    Development; Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, p. 6-15.
  • Villanoy C, 1990. Oceanographic assessment of Philippine Seas. Proceedings of the
    Seminar-Workshop on the Status of Fisheries related Oceanography Researches in
    the Philippines, BFAR, Quezon City, 29 August 1988. Los Banos, Laguna. Philippines
    Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development Book Series No. 4. p.4-15
  • Villanoy CL, Juinio MAR, Menez LB, 1988. Mortality rates of giant clams (Family
    Tridacnidae) from the Sulu Archipelago and southern Palawan, Philippines. Coral
    Reefs, 7, 1-5.
  • Juinio MAR, Menez LB, Villanoy C, 1987. Use of giant clam resources in the
    Philippines. Naga-ICLARM Q. 10, 7-8.


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Graduated Advisees:

Ph.D. Students

MS Students